Homestead Cattle Association of herdbooks

What to know about

Homestead Cattle Directory White Paper article

Subject: Breed Registries have primary purposes that should never be forsaken
Source: Homestead & Miniature Cattle Directory -
Author: Donna Grace Vickery,


What to Know About Breed Registries (written for cattle, but applies to most livestock & other animals as well)

  1. PRIMARY PURPOSES: A livestock or animal registry must be objective, ethical and must keep the needs of the breed first and foremost. A registry is formed to document and record pedigrees as accurately and completely as possible. A registry is formed to identify, protect and preserve the purity* of fullblood (pure) animal breeds. A registry preserves genetic diversity in rare, landrace breeds. A registry documents and records complete pedigrees of all breeds of all animals in all crossbred pedigrees. Records are kept of animals' full history, including the history of breeders, kept accessible to animal owners & membership, and all safely preserved for posterity. These are the fundamental, primary purposes of every registry, and should never be negotiable.

  2. REQUIRED PURPOSES: To properly and safely carry out it's primary purposes, a registry must be self-sufficient and financially stable. A registry must receive enough for its work to ensure this, while providing registration certificates that add considerably more value to members' animals than their cost.

  3. SECONDARY PURPOSES: A registry keeps accurate, current records of its membership, animal ownership, transfers, sales, leases, performance or production, and animal deaths. Responsible registries provide for its breed's genetic health. A registry should use proper animal identification. A successful registry will support a wide base of membership with divisions that serve all or most breeding operation goals, while preventing unnecessary "either/or" situations between diverse goals. With purity safeguarded in the closed book, upgrade programs can be supported with separate divisions for percentage and purebred or upgraded animals. A successful registry should support breed promotion and public education. The history of a breed should never be tweaked to serve exclusive goals. (The truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth). Additional support for active members may include discounts, incentives, and support for breed activities, exhibition, shows & sales when possible.

  4. IF EVER PRIMARY & SECONDARY PURPOSES collide, for any reason, primary purposes can be replaced with secondary purposes, leaving breed history, integrity and /or purity at risk.

* Genotyping and parentage verification (PV) DNA testing is available to guarantee modern pedigrees and purity. Most old breeds of cattle developed their first official herdbooks in the early to mid 1800s. Since DNA has only been available relatively recently, it can only prove pedigrees for animals that have DNA to test. Now, breed based representation (BBR) DNA tests are available. The International Livestock Registries, including the Homestead Cattle Association, is in consultation with a lab that should be able to provide its members with new breed BBR tests, for what we believe will be the lowest cost in the industry.


Sources / Resources:

Breeds of Homestead & Miniature Cattle (
What to KNOW ABOUT BREEDS of Homestead & Miniature Cattle

What is the difference between "fullblood" and "purebred"
International Livestock Registries (
DNA TESTS for Homestead & Miniature Breeds of Cattle
GENETIC MUTATIONS: 12 Fascinating Facts about DNA that your genetics lab probably won't tell you
Homestead Cattle Directory (
Homestead Cattle Association of herdbooks, a registry for Homestead & Miniature breeds of cattle
Dairy Cattle Registry
What is a Breed. A simple, concise history of type & purity of British & Continental breeds of cattle. Beef Magazine
Creating Breeds and Composites. TX Cooperative Extension Agency & Texas AMU
From Big to Small to Big to Small: A 3-part Pictorial History of Cattle Type Changes Over the Years, by Harlan Ritchie

publisher: Vintage Press
owner: Bucking V Outfit, LLC., Maricopa County Arizona
published online: 01-20-2020
author: by Donna Grace Vickery (

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go to the homestead

go home little cow

Bucking V Outfit LLC cattle brand ©,
and Homestead Cattle Association herdbook,
are Bucking V Outfit, LLC. enterprises, circa 1990
author: Donna Grace

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Homestead Cattle Association (HCA) Herdbook Registry
is an Affiliate of the International Livestock Registries
if you have a small herdbook that needs a database registry service, contact us

HCA is part of the International Livestock Registries family of Herdbooks