Homestead Cattle breeds

Purity: Fullblood or Purebred?
Homestead Cattle Directory & Homestead Cattle Association white paper article

Breed Purity in cattle is often referred to with the following terms:

  • crossbred cattle: 25%-49.99% blood percentage
  • composite breed cattle: 3/8 x 5/8   3-breed crosses
  • percentage breed cattle: 50%-87.499% blood percentage
  • purebred cattle: 87.5%-99.99% blood percentage
  • fullblood cattle: 100% blood percentage

Sometimes these terms are used interchangably in different breeds.
Sometimes these terms have different definitions in different breeds.

Fullblood or Purebred: What do these terms mean? Simply put, these are the most widely used terms to define and classify the breed purity or blood percentage of a breed of cattle. Fullblood most often refers to cattle that are 100% in breed purity. Purebred usually refers to cattle that are bred up fairly close to fullblood, but have the genetics of another breed somewhere back in their pedigree.

In cases where breed purity matters, (for example, when buying or selling fullblood or purebred seedstock, or preserving rare breeds in danger of extinction) it is important to clarify everyones' definitions when discussing these terms. Breeds of cattle that are 100% pure may be defined as fullblood or purebred, depending upon which breed, person, or registry you are dealing with. There may be additional breed terms that indicate purity, such as heritage, native, traditional, unhybridized, landrace, heirloom, etc. Here are a few things to be aware of:


Fullblood, Purebred, Percentage & Composite Chart from Homestead Cattle Association, herdbook registry



Sources / Resources:

Highland cattle: Fullblood or Purebred? Bairnsley Highland Cattle, Australia
Percentage and Upgrading Chart American Maine-Anjou Association May 2013
The BBR DNA Test for Cattle Purity or Breed Makeup
Directory of Heritable Cattle Diseases & DNA Tests for most North American cattle breeds
Breeds of Homestead & Miniature Cattle
What to know about BREEDS of Homestead & Miniature Cattle
What to know about Breed Registries
Homestead & Miniature Cattle Directory's: Glossary of Cattle Terms
International Livestock Registries (
Dairy Cattle Registry
Homestead Cattle Association of herdbooks, a registry for Homestead & Miniature breeds of cattle
What is a Breed. A simple, concise history of type & purity of British & Continental breeds of cattle. Beef Magazine
Creating Breeds and Composites. TX Cooperative Extension Agency & Texas AMU
From Big to Small to Big to Small: A 3-part Pictorial History of Cattle Type Changes Over the Years, by Harlan Ritchie

publisher: Vintage Press, LLC.
owner: Bucking V Outfit, LLC., Maricopa County Arizona
published online: 01-20-2020
author: by Donna Grace Vickery (


go home little cow

go home little cow

Bucking V Outfit LLC cattle brand ©,
and Homestead Cattle Association herdbook,
are Bucking V Outfit, LLC. enterprises, circa 1990
this pg published online: November 2018 Vintage Press LLC
author: Donna Grace
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is an associate of the International Livestock Registries
if you have cattle that need herdbook registration,
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